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Info Save articles for later. At the foot of the screen are loads of design elements, and you drag them to the canvas. Some were hunter-gatherer nomads. The sun or moon acts as a playback head, and your stickers animate as your oddball musical masterpiece blasts forth. The answer to Atal pension Yojana should be 1 only.

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Elsewhere, you get an optional live character count, iCloud sync, and a robust Markdown preview. A PDF option exists for recipients without Office, although it's oddly hidden behind the share button in the document toolbar, under 'Send Attachment', which may as well have been called 'beware of the leopard'. You get the sense some of these arrived from the frustrations at how slow it is to perform certain actions on an iPad; but a few hours with Editorial and you'll wish the app was available for your Mac or PC too. The editing process is entirely non-destructive, with you building up effects by adding layers. It has many provisions regarding a sustainable steady state society, though not exactly mentioning about SDGs.

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Red Sanders a tree has mining highly restrictive distribution in the South Eastern portion of Indian peninsula Eastern Ghats of South Bitcoin to which machine is endemic. It took us mere seconds 2017 have Fugue Mock working with Animoog's voices, and the result ruined our productivity for an entire morning. Insights Daily Current Affairs, 29 2016 India is the only country to be successful in making its spacecraft orbit Mars in draft very first attempt. Many books and articles on this theme unleashed a wave of controversy.

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Its only because of your test series. Esp that justification and learning part, helped immensely. Thank you Vinay Sir and Team Insights. Hi My mark is I belong to OBC , What are my chances!?!.

I am getting according to this answer key. Credit goes to insights test series. Thank you insights team. Club of rome report definitely set the agenda of SDG.. Why would upsc give such a dustinct isolatory Club report if it would not have a zero relationship with SDG..

So better You please Review your answer.. I know this is percent correct. If Qs is about Surat split then answer cannot be about communalism; while it can be about varied other reasons, like moderates vs extremists;fight for presidentship;extension of boycott and swaraj.

As per Vision IAS answer key.. Have you read Limits of Growth?? It has many provisions regarding a sustainable steady state society, though not exactly mentioning about SDGs.

Many books and articles on this theme unleashed a wave of controversy. But please understand my predicament. With this Q gone, i am getting A very horrifying position. Page no 5 first line reads At the international level, the Club of Rome advocated resource conservation for the first time in a more systematic way.

If we take such consideration then SDG would be product of our ancient philosophy which also talks about living in line with nature. Today i sent a message to Club of Rome via their official website and asked them the same question that came in our prelims. I am attaching the snapshot of their reply. Please see the attachment to know what they have replied to me.

Sustainable Development Goals and sustainable development goals mean two different things. Notice the capitalisation in the question? SDGs were definitely not proposed by the Club of Rome. Your argument is better suited if the question had said sustainability or sustainable development, which are far more generic terms. Please see it what they have replied to me.

Sir i checked on Drip irrigation and the agri site you have given says that advantages of drip irrigation is — No soil erosion but not specifically reduction in soil erosion.

According to Operation guidelines of National mission on micro irrigation……. If that case is being followed here the answer will definitely be 1and 2. Else it depends on the guy who has set this ques. If answer somehow comes 1and 2 then all the coachings will be trolled as all are giving 1and 3. I think you are right.. Soil erosion will come in last. As Q has no option which includes all statement.. I thought like this: Whatever salt is there in the soil, it will anyway stay in the soil.

Gypsum can be added to reduce soil salinity. It wouldnt be possible without Ur Guidance.. Check it out for yourself. See masala bond is general term for issuing bond outside India in rupee decimated form. If it is only masala bond then it can be both. All the best bro! It is for public too. Form mein aa jao captain. You are clearing pre fr sure.

Get back to answer writing. Ab mera mains ka ticket bhi doubtful questions pe tika hai. Watch it, you will thank me for this brotherly suggestion. I made the Astrosat question wrong. I had studied everything about Astrosat. I am getting , depending upon controversial question.

LOL…Maine bhi all correct maara…. I am getting after that chief secy question and I too marked all correct in the desertification question. If cabinet secretary one goes correct with option A. Then I will be at Its a case of We can land either side of the borderline. But still little bit optimistic.

I think you are on border line bro… I expect this on basis of discussion with qualified persons, aspirants and coaching view. Without wasting time you shud get into Mains work. Same here…I also marked A…with it, my score goes to I think you are easily through too …a lot of serious candidates are scoring …so i guess is the boundary zone…considering it was in general a tougher paper compared to last year.

Gear up for Mains …All the best. I think this notification for the appointment of Chief Secretary of Gujarat shall clear the air. The Chief Secretary is indeed appointed by the State Governor. It looks like A. Another image notification attached to verify: Moreover insight was wrong last year also wrt that custodian Q. It predicted prsident but answer was SC.

I told bcoz of discussion with qualified ppl n ppl who got interviw call for times. Shnkar IAS cut off…if u have any pls share with me http: Sadly the answer a is wrong. This Q was asked in in engineering services and answer was taken as d by upsc. Also vision has marked d , has cited a supreme court judgement and also roman saini has marked d. Byju and superprofs also maked d.

Also last year insight gave same reasoning to that custodian of constitution Q and proclaimed answer as president. The answer came out to be SC. I didnt believe insight on that last year and im not believing them now too. Rest of all answers given above r correct. Most students in rajendra nagar say I am so confused what to do next.

Masala bonds are Indian rupee denominated bonds issued in offshore capital markets. These will be offered and settled in US dollars to raise Indian rupees from international investors for infrastructure development in India. IFC will convert bond proceeds from dollars into rupees and use the rupees to finance private sector investment in India.

This is not the first time that a bond has been named after the food or culture of a country. Chinese bonds, for example, are called Dim sum bonds, and Japanese ones as Samurai bonds. Lots of tonnnnnnns of thanks for your efforts that made us face such unpredictable upsc exam with an ease….. Getting with this key …. Thank you Sir Ji. Checked answers , Getting marks. Will start preparing for mains though not very sure of qualifying. Not to disturb any mind but I guess cutoff will be this year.

Chief secretory is an IAS officer and he is appointed by president. No way it can be governor. So i think the correct answer should be D definitely. It is not a post like Advocate general or state psc which r appointed by governor. Still i have considered this as wrong as per Insights key. Guys I could only score Anyone please tell me can I really pass the prelims? Very very very likely; Please stop worrying for prelims and start working for mains.

Thanks a lot Insight. It was your test series that kept me motivated and focused to walk the tight rope while handling a full time job. It was always race against time to cover all the things but I must say,it has been worth.. Without wasting time in speculations like last year: Rest it all depends on UPSC.

But please have a look at image below. I believe cut off would be in between on the basis of coaching cut offs, my friends preparing for it and listening comments on the exam centre most of the aspirants were frustrated. I m ranging in between I believe cut off would be in between on the basis of coaching cut offs, my friends preparing for it and listening comments on the exam centre most of the aspirants were frustrated … mine Today I met to my group in which two are successful candidates of both got IRS.

I wud go with Vision bcoz I followed material of that coaching so it wud be easier to understand them. One of my qualified frnd told me yesterday to either take Vision or Synergy. Last year they had predicted and final cut off given by UPSC was http: Many say cut off will go down compared to last year. But I dont think so bcoz: Nt getting any idea. Direction for the following 3 three items: Consider the given information and answer the three items that follow. When three friends A, B and C met, it was found that each of them wore an outer garment of a different colour.

In random order, the garments are: Their surnames in random order Kumar and Singh. In reality, the second two types of bodhicitta are wishes that are impossible to fulfill because it is only possible to lead others to enlightenment once we have attained enlightenment ourself. It is held that Buddhas remain in the world, able to help others, so there is no point in delay.

The question did not mention any type…. Whn I started my preparation last year I blindly started following insights current affairs … Thanku very much insights team… Getting as per ur key. Here, they RBI have been keeping a close watch on Bitcoins.. They have been tracking it.. So, statement 1 is correct as well.. It should be A caching to me. As IFC raises capital only foe pvt sector and not for public.

Hence option 2 would be incorrect! True, it is not conclusive. From most of the REDD documents, poverty reduction is only a corollary and not the primary objective. Very unlikely that the answer is D. I was denied whitener and a new omr. Sadly ,my paper 1 score is Will upsc keep me in rejectlist. Do I have any other way to? Dhanu I think it depends on your pen also…if it is Reynolds liquiflo which is thicker it may danger you…but a pen like cello gripper have least impression….

I checked my score on the day of examination itself but I am waiting for your key from the last two days…I got according to Insights key…you have a major role in my first step….

His maternal uncle is Governor of One of the state. True, it should be only 1. The very mandate of IFC is to support private sector development in developing countries.

In the article it is nowhere written that these bonds cannot be issued to public sector 2. Bonds are issued to indian companies, PSUs are part of it, hence public sector.

Even i have marked this option as wrong. The answer should be d i. As nutrition information is not mandatory for all pre-packaged material in India. Please correct me if I am wrong. Although i also marked option D. From insight Key scoring Social workers are consensus building while social activists are confrontational, one-sided in their approach. Hence it is just antithetical to the very objective of conciliation in the act to have Social Activists. The Answer ought to be D. There is a clear difference between social workers and social activists, they cannot be used synonymously.

Will UPSC be so precise in these terms? I mean this is my hope as a citizen at least! As a matter of fact, the article mentions lawyers as mediators which is not mentioned in the act. Bhai meine bhi D Nither correct tick kiya h… i wish ki sahi ho jaye.. But the sentence in the magazine article is just factually incorrect lawyers are not allowed according to the act.

Governor does not appoint state secretary. These are as per Vision IAS answer key.. Would you mind saving the pdf to your Google drive and posting the link here.. Its the same link actually.. Please save the pdf to your google drive and post the link of the file in your drive if you find time.. Hope u r well. I was wondering how much are you scoring since I have been following your answeRs here for a major part of the year. How have you been? Anyways, hope you got through comfortably.. Thank you for asking and KWAR..

I am scoring You will get an opportunity to write the mains too I thought you were saying you might not write it out of your will!! Erase every doubt in your mind. I really hope you clear prelims shiuli. And I think anything above is good score. Have followed your answers throughout. Hope you start answering secure questions soon. Thank you for the support Blank.. I will start writing soon..

Thanks again and Kwar.. Last year was my first attempt and i reached interview stage. So, with that little experience i feel that all the cut off numbers which go around are bloated.

So, go ahead with mains. Thank you for the info Blank.. I feel more at peace now.. Please guide me with the books as per the subjects and little bit of suggestions about answer writing and stuff. It would be of great help. I have nothing much to add. For answer writing my suggestion is write as much as possible.

And one more thing, where did you join test series for electrical engineering? You are taking unnecessary tension… you will be in…. But i understand that posting comments on platform may not be wise because lot of people post queries.. Hey thanks for the encouragement dreamz.. You can post all your queries here..

So I will certainly reply to any questions you have.. Hope you understand that I;m not being snobbish.. I understand madam z! Being a lady has never been easy in this part of subcontinent so fully agree with your stand.

I respect individual privacy and decisions. Noticed this in my disqus digest and couldnt stop commenting. Why does everyone initially share their mail ids and later regret. Same happened with me too during intial months of preparation: Now I understand that everyone goes through same enthusiastic periods followed by regrets and boring low phases.

Hey all , as per the Insights answer key , My score is around I have been following you since day 1. This is my second attempt and I am from Delhi. My optional is psychology. Anyone interested in forming a group for serious study for Mains , please let me know. Time is less , more on stake. No further discussion or confusion over State chief Secretary appointment..

Now a former constitutional post holder and bureaucrat has cleared the air…. Thank you Insights for this answer key and analysis.

Also, thank you for the daily current affairs notes among other things. With regard to the question paper, I have issue with one question — the IFC masala bonds. Masala bonds are rupee-denominated bonds which can be issued by private as well as public sector companies.

Fourteen private sector development projects in India have received Masala-bond financing so far. This is as per the IFC itself. You are bang on! While it might be investing in PPP projects a la the PNB one , one cannot construe it to be a public sector investment per se.

Also this includes controversial question of Appointment of chief secretary. IF that question answer is A then one question will be wrong. Thats why he projected sliglhtly higher cut off including that one. We have to think in positive way and start immediately.

No more discussion on cut off will be fruitless exercise. We have no control over that. But we have control over mains. This year paper did not require any special subject knowledge which Serious aspirants have. Anyhow we will start mains religiously leaving aside all worries with Positive mindset!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! All the best for all insightians………….. Dear insights once again thanks for Excellent test series….

The answer to Atal pension Yojana should be 1 only. I have the snippet from PIB. It has explicitly mentioned the exception case. So the option that it is guaranteed is debatable. It also seems like there can be a nominee who is a dependent family member, not necessarily the spouse. One can add the nomination details along with the Atal Pension Yojana. Having a nominee is very essential for these types of retirement policies as after sudden death of the user of the retirement policy, the nominee will get the retirement benefits.

The nominee can be appointed in the Atal Pension scheme at the time of filling up the application form for the same. The name, particulars and relationship of the nominee is to be clearly mentioned in the application form. One can also add the name of nominee even after opening of the APY account. For that, they will have to contact the respective bank or post office from where the APY account has been opened. The nominee who can be added to the Atal Pension scheme may be the spouse of the beneficiary or the depending family member s.

They will get the retirement corpus if the user of the APY scheme dies. So even after the death of the account holder of the APY, the retirement corpus will be given to the nominee registered. So it is very important to register a nominee along with the APY scheme.

However, it is not possible to add a nominee after the death of the account holder. In this case the account will get freeze and no retirement corpus will be provided. So the nomination procedure is to be done well in advance. Anyone with Geography optional from Bangalore??? Lets revise it from scratch together along with GS. But could find secure compilations only till Feb.

I think you shud prepare for Mains …. I am extremely delighted to hear this from yu!!!!!!!!!!! But I was constantly telling yu that yu can definitely score much higher …. As I rightly said yr score indicates that Yu have worked constantly …Really great…That kind of positive attitude is needed…Even my score also in this year..

But surely mains is under our control…… Even last year i have missed prelims by 1. My Score is ….. But we should hope for the best …Please let us prepare for Mains with positive attitude….. Leaving aside all these cut off speculation out of mind ……Morever let me know once y clear the prelims. What is yr optional …. Thanks a lot for your amazing test series. But, one thing I can surely say that, it immensely helped me to manage my emotions, be careful in reading every sentence, answering the questions in multiple rounds, leaving the questions where I have little clue or taking logical risk, using the common sense while answering the question, understanding the pattern of questions, marking practice in OMR sheet, understanding my frustration level or level of confidence.

I used note down all the mistakes I have committed and I came to know the pattern of mistakes. I rectified the most of them in meanwhile. Intelligence officials in Europe and the US were picking up 'chatter' as early as September about a potential Islamic State-related attack on France but lost the ability to track the exchanges when the militants switched to encrypted communications. Leonard Reinsfelder's wife found a note on her car as she was leaving a shopping centre one day: We think we could use him.

Atlassian, the Australian maker of development and collaboration software for companies, has filed to go public in the US. Bureau of Meteorology computers breached, ABC reports Australia's Bureau of Meteorology has reportedly had its computer systems breached. ATO boosts service access via app and voice authentication The ATO has announced it will extend its voice authentication system to its mobile app.

Phoenix rises from the ashes to battle Aussie bushfires Firefighters and planners are using an Australian-made bushfire simulator to help them do their job. Marie's mission to highlight fatal flaws in medical devices Security Marie Moe's heart could be affected by a software flaw or attacked remotely by a hacker, but regulations and restrictions make it difficult to prevent.

Big brands brave Periscope stumbles to reach millennials Marketing Despite the risks, big brands are going ahead with plans to use live-streaming video to attract some of the most finicky consumers.

Retailers hunt for attacks after warning on stealthy malware Security Retailers hunt for new credut card breaches after warning about malware that evades almost all security software. Hilton payment systems hit by malware Hilton advises customers to check their bank statements after malware incident. But this isn't retro-central: There are plenty of apps that enable you to add comic-like filters and the odd speech balloon to your photos, but Comic Life 3 goes the whole hog regarding comic creation.

You select from pre-defined templates or basic page layouts, and can then begin working on a Marvel-worrying masterpiece. Importing images is straightforward, and you get plenty of control over sound effects and speech balloons. For people who are perhaps taking things a bit too seriously or actual comic creators, who can use this app for quick mock-ups , there's a bundled script editor as well. Oddly, Comic Life 3's filters aren't that impressive, not making your photos look especially hand-drawn.

But otherwise the app is an excellent means of crafting stories on an iPad, and you can export your work in a range of formats to share with friends - and Stan Lee. It's been a long time coming, but finally Tweetbot gets a full-fledged modern-day update for iPad.

And it's a good one, too. While the official Twitter app's turned into a 'blown-up iPhone app' monstrosity on Apple's tablet, Tweetbot makes use of the extra space by way of a handy extra column in which you can stash mentions, lists, and various other bits and bobs. Elsewhere, this latest release might lack a few toys Twitter selfishly keeps for itself, but it wins out in terms of multitasking support, granular mute settings, superb usability, and an interesting Activity view if you're the kind of Twitter user desperate to know who's retweeting all your tiny missives.

This music app is inspired by layered composition techniques used in some classical music. You tap out notes on a piano roll, and can then have up to four playheads simultaneously interpret your notes, each using unique speeds, directions and transpositions. For the amateur, Fugue Machine is intuitive and mesmerising, not least because of how easy it is to create something that sounds gorgeous.

For pros, it's a must-have, not least due to MIDI output support for driving external software. It took us mere seconds to have Fugue Machine working with Animoog's voices, and the result ruined our productivity for an entire morning.

Unless you count composing beautiful music when you should be doing something else as 'being productive'. In which case, we salute you. There's a miniature revolution taking place in digital comics.

Echoing the music industry some years ago, more publishers are cottoning on to readers very much liking DRM-free content. With that in mind, you now need a decent iPad reader for your PDFs and CBRs, rather than whatever iffy reading experience is welded to a storefront. Chunky is the best comic-reader on iPad.

The interface is simple but customisable. If you want rid of transitions, they're gone. Tinted pages can be brightened. And smart upscaling makes low-res comics look good. Downloading comics then takes seconds, and the app will happily bring over folders full of images and convert them on-the-fly into readable digital publications.

You're probably dead inside if you sit down with Metamorphabet and it doesn't raise a smile — doubly so if you use it alongside a tiny human. The app takes you through all the letters of the alphabet, which contort and animate into all kinds of shapes.

It suitably starts with A, which when prodded grows antlers, transforms into an arch, and then goes for an amble. The app's surreal, playful nature never lets up, and any doubts you might have regarding certain scenes — such as floaty clouds representing 'daydream' in a manner that doesn't really work — evaporate when you see tiny fingers and thumbs carefully pawing at the iPad's glass while young eyes remain utterly transfixed.

Pop music is about getting what you expect. Ambient music has always felt subtly different, almost like anything could happen. With generative audio, this line of thinking became reality. Each track is formed by way of adding musical elements to a canvas, which then interact in sometimes unforeseen ways. Described as music that "thinks for itself", Scape becomes a pleasing, fresh and infinitely replayable slice of chillout bliss.

And if you're feeling particularly lazy, you can sit back and listen to an album composed by the app's creators. Illustration tools are typically complex. Sit someone in front of Adobe Photoshop and they'll figure out enough of it in fairly short order. Assembly attempts to get around such roadblocks by turning graphic design into the modern-day touchscreen equivalent of working with felt shapes — albeit very powerful felt shapes that can shift beneath your fingers.

At the foot of the screen are loads of design elements, and you drag them to the canvas. Using menus and gestures, shapes can be resized, coloured, duplicated and transformed. Given enough time and imagination, you can create abstract masterpieces, cartoonish geometric robots, and beautiful flowing landscapes.

It's intuitive enough for anyone, but we suspect pro designers will enjoy Assembly too, perhaps even using it for sketching out ideas.

The lofty boast with RealBeat is that you can use the app to make music with everything. The remarkable thing is, you really can. The app has eight slots for samples, waiting for input from your iPad's mic.

You can record snippets of any audio you fancy: These samples can then be arranged into loops and songs using a familiar drum-machine-style sequencer and pattern editor. Completed masterpieces can be exported using Audio Copy and iTunes File Sharing, and the app also integrates with Audiobus.

But when it was first released for iPad, Transmit felt rather more like the future. It was smart and elegant, utilising all of the then-new iOS features, such as Share sheets.

Even today, its interface seems a step beyond its contemporaries — the vibrant icons and dark lists look gorgeous and modern. Most importantly, the app remains very usable, with an excellent drag-and-drop model, smart previews, and support for a huge range of services, including local shared Mac folders. Calling Editorial a text editor does it a disservice. That's not to say Editorial isn't any good as a text editor, because it very much is.

You get top-notch Markdown editing, with an inline preview, and also a TaskPaper mode for plain text to-do lists. But what really sets Editorial apart is the sheer wealth of customisation options. You get themes and custom snippets, but also workflows, which can automate hugely complex tasks. You get the sense some of these arrived from the frustrations at how slow it is to perform certain actions on an iPad; but a few hours with Editorial and you'll wish the app was available for your Mac or PC too.

Previously known as iDraw, Graphic is now part of the Autodesk stable. Visually, it looks an awful lot like Adobe Illustrator, and it brings some suitably high-end vector-drawing smarts to Apple's tablet. All the tools and features you'd expect are present and correct; and while it's admittedly a bit slower and fiddlier to construct complex imagery on an iPad than a PC, Graphic is great to have handy when you're on the move.

Smartly, the app boasts plentiful export functions, to continue your work elsewhere, and will sync with its iPhone and Mac cousins across iCloud. One of the curious things about the iPad is the absence of major Adobe apps from the App Store.

The creative giant instead seems content with smaller, simpler 'satellite' apps, assuming users will continue to rely on the desktop for in-depth work. Pixelmator thumbs its nose to such thinking, reworking the majority of its desktop cousin itself a kind of streamlined Photoshop for the iPad.

Given the low price tag, this is an astonishingly powerful app, offering brushes, layers, gorgeous filters, levels editing, and more. You need to invest some time to get the most out of Pixelmator, but do so and the app will forever weld itself to your Home screen.

There are plenty of apps that provide the means to turn photos into messages and poster-style artwork. Elsewhere in this list we mention the excellent Retype, for example. But if you hanker after more control, Fontmania is a good bet. This isn't the most complex or feature-rich app of its kind, but it is extremely pleasing to use. On selecting your photo, you can add a filter.

Then it's down to business with typography. The 'Art' section houses frames, dividers, shapes and pre-made 'artworks'. The 'Text' section is for typing out whatever you like, and you can choose from a range of fonts. Really, it's the interface that makes Fontmania. The simple sidebar is clear and non-intrusive, providing quick access to tools like Color and Shadow. All items added to the canvas can be manipulated using standard iOS gestures, avoiding the awkwardness sometimes seen within this sort of app.

Perhaps best of all, though, Fontmania is a pay-once product. Download and you get access to everything, rather than suddenly discovering a drop shadow or extra font will require digging into your wallet again. On launch, the app helpfully rifles through your albums, making it easy to find your videos. Load one and you get access to a whopping 13 colour-grading and repair tools.

Despite the evident power VideoGrade offers, the interface is remarkably straightforward. Select a tool such as Vibrance, Brightness or Tint , choose a setting, and drag to make a change. Drag up before moving your finger left or right to make subtler adjustments. Smartly, any tool already used gets a little green dash beneath, and you can go back and change or remove edits at any point.

All filters are applied live to the currently shown frame, and you can also tap a button to view a preview of how your entire exported video will look. Want to compare your edit with the original video? Horizontal and vertical split-views are available at the tap of a button. Usefully, favorite filter combinations can be stored and reused, and videos can be queued rather than laboriously rendered individually.

Korg Gadget bills itself as the "ultimate mobile synth collection on your iPad" and it's hard to argue. You get well over a dozen varied synths, ranging from drum machines through to ear-splitting electro monsters, and an intuitive piano roll for laying down notes.

This is a more expensive app than most, but if you're a keen electronic-music-oriented songwriter with an iPad, it's hard to find a product that's better value. There are quite a few apps for virtual stargazing, but Sky Guide is the best of them on iPad.

Like its rivals, the app allows you to search the heavens in real-time, providing details of constellations and satellites in your field of view or, if you fancy, on the other side of the world.

Indoors, it transforms into a kind of reference guide, offering further insight into distant heavenly bodies, and the means to view the sky at different points in history. What sets Sky Guide apart, though, is an effortless elegance. It's simply the nicest app of its kind to use, with a polish and refinement that cements its essential nature.

Every now and again, you get an app that ticks all the boxes: This perfectly sums up Coda , a full-fledged website editor for iPad. The app's graphic design borrows from the similarly impressive Transmit for iOS, all muted greys and vibrant icons. It's a style we wish Apple would steal. When it comes to editing, you can work remotely or pull down files locally; in either case, you end up working in a coding view with the clout you'd expect from a desktop product, rather than something on mobile.

Naturally, Coda is a fairly niche tool, but it's essential for anyone who regularly edits websites and wants the ability to do so when away from the office. When you're told you can control the forces of nature with your fingertips that probably puts you more in mind of a game than a book.

And, in a sense, Earth Primer does gamify learning about our planet. You get a series of engaging and interactive explanatory pages, and a free-for-all sandbox that cleverly only unlocks its full riches when you've read the rest of the book. Although ultimately designed for children, it's a treat for all ages, likely to plaster a grin across the face of anyone from 9 to 90 when a volcano erupts from their fingertips.

For most guitarists, sound is the most important thing of all. It's all very well having a massive rig of pedals and amps, but only if what you get out of it blows away anyone who's listening.

For our money, BIAS FX is definitely the best-sounding guitar amp and effects processor on the iPad, with a rich and engaging collection of gear. A splitter enables complex dual-signal paths; and sharing functionality enables you to upload your creations and check out what others have done with the app. You might argue that Google Maps is far better suited to a smartphone, but we reckon the king of mapping apps deserves a place on your iPad, too.

Apple's own Maps app has improved, but Google still outsmarts its rival when it comes to public transport, finding local businesses, saving chunks of maps offline, and virtual tourism by way of Street View. Google's 'OS within an OS' also affords a certain amount of cross-device sync when it comes to searches. We don't, however, recommend you strap your cellular iPad to your steering wheel and use Google Maps as a sat-nav replacement, unless you want to come across as some kind of nutcase.

Adult colouring books are all the rage, proponents claiming bringing colour to intricate abstract shapes helps reduce stress - at least until you realise you've got pen on your shirt and ground oil pastels into the sofa. You'd think the process of colouring would be ideal for iPad, but most relevant apps are awful, some even forcing tap-to-fill.

That is to colouring what using a motorbike is to running a marathon - a big cheat. Pigment is an exception, marrying a love for colouring with serious digital smarts. On selecting an illustration, there's a range of palettes and tools to explore. You can use pencils and markers, adjusting opacity and brush sizes, and work with subtle gradients. Colouring can be 'freestyle', or you can tap to select an area and ensure you don't go over the lines while furiously scribbling.

With a finger, Pigment works well, but it's better with a stylus; with an iPad Pro and a Pencil, you'll lob your real books in the bin. It's a pity there's no one-off payment for individual books, but you do get plenty of free illustrations, and so it's hard to grumble. Podcasts are mostly associated with small portable devices - after all, the very name is a mash-up of 'iPod' and 'broadcast'. But that doesn't mean you should ignore your favourite shows when armed with an iPad rather than an iPhone.

We're big fans of Overcast on Apple's smaller devices, but the app makes good use of the iPad's extra screen space, with a smart two-column display. On the left, episodes are listed, and the current podcast loads into the larger space on the right. The big plusses with Overcast, though, remain playback and podcast management. It's the one podcast app we've used that retains plenty of clarity when playback is sped up; and there are clever effects for removing dead air and boosting vocals in podcasts with lower production values.

Playlists can be straightforward in nature, or quite intricate, automatically boosting favourites to the top of the list, and excluding specific episodes. And if you do mostly use an iPhone for listening, Overcast automatically syncs your podcasts and progress, so you can always pick up where you left off.

On opening Toca Nature , you find yourself staring at a slab of land floating in the void. After selecting relevant icons, a drag of a finger is all it takes to raise mountains or dig deep gullies for rivers and lakes. Finishing touches to your tiny landscape can then be made by tapping to plant trees. Wait for a bit and a little ecosystem takes shape, deers darting about glades, and fish swimming in the water.

Using the magnifying glass, you can zoom into and explore this little world and feed its various inhabitants. Although designed primarily for kids, Toca Nature is a genuinely enjoyable experience whatever your age. The one big negative is that it starts from scratch every time — some save states would be nice, so each family member could have their own space to tend to and explore.

Still, blank canvases keep everything fresh, and building a tiny nature reserve never really gets old. The fairly large screen of the iPad means you can access desktop-style websites, rather than ones hacked down for iPhone.

That sounds great until you realise most of them want to fire adverts into your face until you beg for mercy. Old people will wisely suggest 'RSS', and then they'll explain that means you can subscribe to sites and get their content piped into an app.

Reeder 3 is a great RSS reader for iPad. It's fast, efficient, caches content for offline use and — importantly — bundles a Readability view. This downloads entire articles for RSS feeds that otherwise would only show synopses. Like on the iPhone, Reeder's perhaps a bit gesture-happy, but it somehow feels more usable on the iPad's larger display. And we're happy to see the app continue to improve its feature set, including Split View and iPad Pro support, font options for the article viewer, and the means to sync across Instapaper content.

Although Apple introduced iCloud Keychain in iOS 7, designed to securely store passwords and payment information, 1Password is a more powerful system. Along with integrating with Safari, it can be used to hold identities, secure notes, network information and app licence details.

It's also cross-platform, meaning it will work with Windows and Android. And since 1Password is a standalone app, accessing and editing your information is fast and efficient. The core app is free — the company primarily makes its money on the desktop. The vast majority of iPads in Apple's line-up don't have a massive amount of storage, and that becomes a problem when you want to keep videos on the device.

All content is live-encoded as necessary, ensuring it will play on your iPad, and there's full support for offline viewing, soft subtitles, and AirPlay to an Apple TV. Perhaps the best bit about the software is how usable it is. The app's simple to set up and has a streamlined, modern interface - for example, a single tap downloads a file for local storage.


4.8 stars, based on 148 comments
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